Chapter 1 – Methods Used to Understand Events of the Past

Stephanie Guerin-Yodice

What type of methods are used to understand the events of the past?

What historians and scientists know about the ancient world comes from the evidence that remains:

  • Anthropologists apply biological, cultural, and material aspects of migratory communities by studying the push-pull factors that influenced migratory patterns during the Neolithic Period.
  • Biological anthropologists take a big-picture approach, using physical matter to infer the evolution of the human body and how it changed over time.
  • Cultural anthropologists take a more humanistic approach by considering individuals as products of the society they lived in and thinking about how their experiences shaped both individuals and society.
  • Archeologists look at the material culture through the use of tools, the written word, pottery, soil samples, found objects, and human remains.
  • Geologists apply physics, chemistry, and biology to study how the earth’s surface changes.
  • Paleoclimatology studies the geophysical changes in raw resources brought about by climate change.
  • Epigraphy is the study of writing on a hard surface and it is a key tool in understanding events in the ancient world.



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History of Applied Science & Technology Copyright © 2017 by Stephanie Guerin-Yodice is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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